Phospholipids belong to lipids, which represent around 35% of the daily energetic alimentary intake in man.
Since last years, the development of our knowledge in biochemistry and nutrition gives a better idea of the respective properties of the multiple components of lipids.
This progress allows to overpass a unique role for the energy supply and to take into account physiological properties specifically attributed to phospholipids.
The functional properties of lecithins are based on the characteristic of phospholipids to possess an hydrophilic part (the « head ») and a lipophilic part (the « tail ») in the same molecule which makes them efficient emulsifiers.
The same characteristic explains why phospholipids constitute the bricks of cell membranes. They also regulate the membrane functioning and are directly involved in the physiology of our cells.
The nutritional properties of phospholipids are now recognized, and are leveraged in our ingredients and formulations.
Fatty acid carriers and specific actives
The use of phospholipids as fatty acid carriers facilitates their assimilation and incorporation into cell membranes. Compared to triglycerides, the fatty acids carried by phospholipids are preferentially oriented to a physiological role instead of the production of energy
This is particularly the case for the essential fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), a long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid belonging to the omega 3 serie and essential for the brain functioning.
Individual phospholipids also bear specific nutritional properties which are now validated with multiple scientific studies :
- Phosphatidylcholine for liver protection and sport nutrition.
- Phosphatidylserine for brain and retina functioning.
- Phosphatidic acid for stress management, muscular mass improvement and hair loss prevention.